Before we dive in, I’d like to encourage you to do as much research as possible about this issue if you suspect your dog has a zinc deficiency. Plants and fibre contain a compound called phytate, which bind minerals such as zinc and reduces the absorption rate. Some dogs can’t effectively use the nutrients that come into their body. Iodine deficiency can cause: mental retardation in younger dogs; goiter, dry skin, cold intolerance, hair loss and; weight gain. The general rule of thumb is 25 mgs of zinc per 50 pounds of your dog’s weight. Cause: usually dietary interactions decreasing zinc bio-availability,primary deficiency unlikely if dog fed commercial food. Sources & Interactions. My personal dog, Mika, has zinc deficiency. Remember I mentioned there’s a hierarchy of how the body uses zinc? Zinc is essential for dogs. As a community driven group, we bring together science based sources for nutritional excellency. I’m not sure if that has anything to do with it. Signs: mostly cutaneous, erythema, crusting, scale of areas adjacent to mucosa. And unfortunately, even if your dog isn’t one of these breeds, zinc deficiency can still affect her. Kristin Clark, Editor-in-Chief, Raw Pet Digest. A raw diet consists of 80% muscles meat. Over time, if this happens consistently, your dog’s health will begin to suffer in various ways. What is a Zinc Deficiency in Pets and What … Diets that don’t have an adequate amount of meat, or diets that have heavily processed meat, can lead to zinc deficiency. A down to earth review. If it’s not present in adequate amounts, it can lead to a wide range of issues, and it can eventually result in death. What is zinc deficiency in dogs? It can lead to a weaker immune system, which in turn makes a dog vulnerable to various infections and diseases. If your dog has a thyroid deficiency (or if your dog’s body begins to attack the thyroid glands because of immune-system issues), she may experience (among other things) hair loss, dry and/or flaky skin, weight issues, ongoing infections, problems with digestion, and even organ failure. These investigations used low levels of zinc and enhanced levels of calcium, which is known to interfere with zinc absorption. The body needs zinc to make T-cells. And by being aware of the signs, you can act to address it through supplementation if needed. Signs of a zinc overdose include gastric … Water was freely available. The body doesn’t have a way to store zinc, so it must get it regularly in adequate amounts, Research suggests dogs need a lot more zinc than humans do (up to 100 mgs daily, while humans generally need less than 15 mgs daily), In general, you can only tell your dog is zinc deficient if they develop one of the signs I discussed earlier, Not all forms of zinc work equally well for dogs, Zinc supplements work best when given four hours after your dog has eaten (giving it four hours after, instead of with the meal, reduces the chance that calcium will interfere with the body absorbing the zinc), Zinc interacts with copper, iron, calcium, and vitamin A, so supplementing incorrectly can cause imbalances in other nutrients that can lead to adverse reactions in your dog, Zinc citrate, picolinate, and gluconate are highly absorbable and easily used by your dog’s body, Chelated zinc is slightly less absorbable than zinc picolinate and zinc gluconate, but it generally doesn’t cause as much stomach upset as some other forms of zinc, Zinc methionine is relatively bioavailable and well-digested by most dogs, Zinc sulphate is hard on the stomach, so in general, it is recommended you crush it and add it in the food. And, to make matters worse, if you use antibiotics to clear up any lingering infections, it can cause more issues: antibiotics kill the intestinal bacteria, leading to more digestive issues (and since zinc deficiency is a digestion issue, you can see how causing more digestive issues is a really bad idea). Beef tripe is made from the inner lining of a cow’s stomach and contains several benefits for dogs when fed raw. Even though they’ve been domesticated for thousands of years, dogs are still designed to eat species-appropriate raw food diets—raw meat, bone, organs, and glands. It is estimated that only 5 to 40% of ingested zinc is absorbed in normal dogs. As with most ailments in animals or humans, the key is treating it early. He has sores under each eye, along his jaw line and on his chin, but mostly on his nose with a large amount of hair loss. There are a lot of reasons for this, but usually it’s because their body doesn’t properly absorb vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients present in the food (malabsorption) or their digestion is impaired (mal-digestion). It is not fully understood why northern breeds like Siberian Huskies and Alaskan Malamutes are more prone to suffer from zinc deficiency. And this issue, my fellow dog parents, is zinc deficiency. In many cases, the symptoms change over time, with different symptoms appearing as the deficiency continues. Let’s take a look It’s important to note that you should not feed your dog both raw meat and kibble at the same time. And if your dog is showing symptoms of zinc deficiency, it will decrease the money you spend on vet bills trying to address the issues that will continue popping up. I run a husky rescue here in Tennessee. Zinc-responsive dermatosis can be diagnosed by looking at affected skin cells under a microscope as well as reduced amounts of zinc in the dog’s blood and his response to treatment. © 2020 All rights reserved. Duncan, this all sounds like it is related to Zinc Deficiency issues. It’s true that every dog needs zinc in their diet. Daily zinc for a 33 lb dogs is 15mg. If zinc isn’t available in sufficient amounts, it can disrupt normal cell division, which can cause the skin to become dry and flaky. If there isn’t enough zinc, taurine uptake is hindered. That, in turn, can lead to the immune system either overreacting or under-reacting. Keep in mind, however, that too much fish oil can deplete vitamin E in, supply too much vitamin A, and cause an imbalance between omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid ratios. Causes of Zinc Deficiency in Dogs. Food intake and … Rare dietary deficiency. If this happens on a regular basis, eventually the thyroid may not be able to produce adequate hormones. my 6 month old American Akita has been given the diagnosis of Pemphigus Foliaceus, although can be common in middle aged akitas, none of his vets have seen it in a young dog. When this happens, a seizure can result. Causes and risk factors for canine zinc deficiency include: Young puppies and dogs fed a diet deficient in zinc. Now that we’ve taken a quick look at the signs of zinc deficiency in dogs, let’s examine each one in some detail. Since the dog was fed Acana ( and now BARF) this is not likely to be a Zinc malabsortption issue caused by grains in the diet. This single best way for your dog to get the level of B vitamins that they require each day is through eating a nutrient-dense, raw, whole-foods. Zinc deficiency is characterized by growth retardation, loss of appetite, and impaired immune function. And cheaper dog foods often have zinc bound in a virtually unusable form. Signs of too much zinc in the body include vomiting, diarrhoea, lethargy and rapid breathing. Can you let me know what the correct dosage for a 34kg dog would be for Nutrazinc. If zinc isn’t available in adequate, regular amounts, the body can’t support the major organs, which eventually fail. If a dog is experiencing chronic digestive issues because of zinc deficiency, it generally indicates either they aren’t getting enough zinc in their diet, or they aren’t absorbing it properly. But what exactly does it do? Get all the latest information on Events, Sales and Offers. As a raw feeder, how do you know if your dog is getting too much of a vitamin. In general, the signs of zinc deficiency present in the following order: It’s important to note here that while this is generally the symptomatic order zinc deficiency follows, some dogs don’t follow this list. Just stuffing your animal with copious amounts of zinc could be extremely harmful. Consequences of Zinc Deficiency Dog: There are two principal sets of information on zinc deficiency in puppies and adult dogs. Zinc deficiency during pregnancy can lead to stillborn puppies or physical and mental abnormalities. It is a mineral that plays an elementary role in the functioning of dogs and their overall health. Your dog’s diet shouldn’t include wheat, corn, or soy (or any other kind of grain). If you don't see an improvement in your dog after six weeks at this level, you may want to increase the daily dosage to 50 mgs. With the right approach, you can help ensure your dog doesn’t become zinc deficient (and you can help them overcome it if they do have a zinc deficiency). Calcium acts in the same way. Excess calcium, iron, copper, and fiber and the presence of phytate can affect zinc … This will play havoc on the digestive system and could make them incredibly sick. I know a lot of Corgi owners and my old boss use to raise them, they are prone to airborne allergies. These lesions are uncomfortable and itchy for your dog. In this case, you don’t always get what it says on the tin. It’s vital for cell replication, healing of wounds and maintenance of healthy hair, skin and toenails. Even though zinc is relatively non-toxic, excess zinc can interfere with other minerals like iron and copper. Common signs of zinc deficiency in dogs are hair loss, poor growth, lethargy, thickened footpads, redness and weeping between the toes, and open and crusted skin lesions around the mouth and eyes. Plants contain a product called phytate, which binds zinc and … So, before you start adding supplements, you should review your dog’s diets to see if any changes should be made. Adult dogs (n = 6) were fed a zinc-deficient dry food (Note 10) containing 8.5 mg zinc/kg ddm for a period of 14 weeks (20). Listen each week as the experts in pet health DeDe Murcer Moffett, CEO of Raw Dog Food and Company, Dr. Judy Jasek, DVM and Top Pet Nutritionist Nealy Piazza answer your questions about raw feeding, vaccinations, antibiotics, flea and tick and so much more. Meat and bone contain a higher concentration of zinc. Thank you, Bernadette, Comments have to be approved before showing up. This is consistent with the relatively low iodine level of skeletal muscle. How to Avoid Vitamin B Deficiency. Long term zinc deficiency without proper is a serious condition and can, in some cases, prove fatal. Iodine deficiency is most common in medium- to large-sized dogs between … That means the body needs a regular, adequate supply of zinc; if it doesn’t get this, it will become deficient in zinc. Affiliate Disclosure: Evolve Media LLC, and its owned and operated websites may receive a small commission from the proceeds of any product(s) sold through affiliate and direct partner links. Trace minerals are an essential part of that nutrition and play a vital role in every single cellular process. If you’re thinking about giving your dog fish oil, consider all the other sources of Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) in her diet to make sure you don’t give too much. It started when we bought a home that was built in 1975. There’s an issue facing dogs that, while not very well known, can be fatal. Raw Fed and Nerdy also provides education in cooked, homemade diets and education in commercial food selection. This is especially true when it comes to supplementing to help with zinc deficiency: you can harm your dog if you supplement inappropriately, and too much zinc can be fatal to dogs. Although they are now domesticated, their dietary requirements are the same but they are often fed processed food which reduces the zinc content. Always, if you aren’t sure, consult with an expert who is familiar with zinc deficiency in dogs. Given that the issue isn’t familiar to most people but impacts lots of dogs, I wanted to share some information about it with you, especially how to recognize it and what to do about it. I have sent you an email with more information. Again, a properly balanced and varied species-appropriate raw food diet is the best way to ensure that your dog is getting an adequate amount of zinc that he or she can absorb appropriately. Interestingly, both malabsorption and mal-digestion are often related to the dog’s diet. Because the symptoms often appear unrelated to each other, conventional treatment may try to address the symptoms individually. There’s an order in which these processes occur; if there isn’t enough zinc, not all the processes can be completed. One theory is that, in the wild, these dogs enjoyed a rich diet of fresh fish, meat and offal. If a dog is experiencing chronic digestive issues because of zinc deficiency, it generally indicates either they aren’t getting enough zinc in their diet, or they aren’t absorbing it properly. Let me reemphasize this. What is a Zinc Deficiency in Pets and What … If there aren’t enough T-cells, or if the T-cells are compromised, the immune system can’t effectively differentiate between normal cells and invaders. The good news? On today’s episode: 1. Frequently, when a dog is zinc deficient, she’ll present with a variety of symptoms. All admins are enrolled in or have … T-cells assist in the proper functioning of the immune system (they help recognize foreign invading cells, including bacteria, viruses, and cancer cells). Seizures related to zinc deficiency can range from Petite Mal to Grand Mal. Chronic digestive issues are often the first indicators of zinc deficiencies. Dogs have dietary requirements like wild canids, especially wolves. This is because when these grains are broken down, they create phytates. Absolutely. Some dogs still have difficulty digesting this amount of the bone and the ratio will need to be reduced even further, to 3 to 5 percent bone. A calcium deficiency is common in some dogs that eat raw food, as are iron, zinc, copper and vitamins A, D and E. “It depends on … After iron, zinc is the most plentiful essential trace mineral in your dog’s body. Commercial raw is usually deficient in Zinc (by around half), Manganese (33 lb dog 1.2 mg) and Magnesium (33 lb dog 150 mg), but other deficiencies will vary based on which proteins are rotated through and which secondary ingredients are used. Zinc toxicosis in dogs or cats have only been due to dietary indiscretion. It is often the root cause of the many mystery illnesses that befall snow dogs and is not always obvious to vets. It’s important to stress at this point that these symptoms may have other causes. It may be down to a genetic inability to adequately absorb the essential mineral. Zinc deficiency can cause serious skin problems and hair loss, because this substance has beneficial effects on the production of the enzymes, proteins and hormones, as well as the function of the immune system.. I have used nutrazinc on the same dog for lesions around vulva and lips with success – but I did it with a very high zinc dose and would not recommend or repeat this experience. Zinc deficiency, while dangerous, doesn’t have to be a long, drawn-out death sentence. (Picture Credit: Kristin Clark, MA, CSAN), Crusty lesions (Zinc Responsive Dermatosis). Diets rich in calcium prevent normal zinc … Zinc and copper need to be in the correct ratio. Zinc was provided in gelatin capsules as either zinc oxide or zinc propionate. In some cheap types of foods the zinc may be bound in unusable forms to the dog and therefore is … Being proactive in making sure your dog is getting and absorbing the right amount of zinc (instead of waiting until your dog is exhibiting symptoms) is the best policy when it comes to making sure your dog never has to deal with this. The Importance of Zinc for Canines. There are a handful of extra ways to help zinc-deficient dogs. If you feed your dog a processed kibble, be aware that many dog food manufacturers add zinc to the food, but they add a cheap source of zinc in the form of zinc oxide or zinc sulphate. It’s also true that Huskies and Malamutes seem to need higher-than-average amounts of zinc. Additional Ways to Help Your Dog With Zinc Deficiency. Your dog’s body can absorb this type of zinc easily into their bloodstream. That’s why it’s so important to educate yourself and make sure you are taking a proactive approach in making sure your dog’s nutritional needs are being met. There’s some really good information available online, and you can also talk to a veterinarian or a certified animal naturopath (in either case, make sure you find someone who’s familiar with zinc deficiency in dogs). Now, with the eye, I have given her 10 scoops per day of nutrazinc for the past 3 weeks and the eye condition goes up and down. They can also form because of an under-functioning immune system. A zinc supplement, such as Nutrazinc, can be fed all year round. And it maintains a normal sex drive. 2. True zinc-deficiency is rare and is thought to result from a malabsorption of zinc in the small intestine, as there is plenty of zinc that is highly bioavailable (easily absorbed) in good quality dog foods. Small Dog Canicross – get the most out of twenty minutes of exercise! We always recommend speaking with your vet in the first instance if you have any concerns about your dog’s health. Arctic breeds predisposed. They may skip a few symptoms, or they might skip the initial symptoms and jump right to the end (or close to the end) of the list. However, if the underlying issue (zinc deficiency) isn’t addressed, the symptoms will continue and get progressively worse. Zinc deficiency mostly affects Huskies and Malamutes, but it’s recognized as impacting other breeds too, most notably giant breeds (especially Great Danes and St. Bernards) and large breeds, such as German Shepherds and Dobermans. The zinc dosage administered was 5 mg zinc/kg … If you feed home-prepared raw, unless your meat is from grass-fed animals or you feed pastured eggs, you’ll need to feed fish or supplement with cod liver oil for your dog to get enough vitamin D. But be careful if you feed a pre-made raw diet as some have added vitamin D (or D3) already. Recognising and Treating Zinc Deficiency in Dogs, Early Season Conditioning And Nutrition For Sled Dogs. The scabs started to appear on his nose at 3 months, do u think he may have zinc deficiency dermatitis instead. Zinc is an essential mineral that should be present in a dog's healthy diet. First of all, the symptoms are easily missed. The general rule of thumb is 25 mgs of zinc per 50 pounds of your dog's weight. The best sources of dietary zinc are whole raw meats and fish. Anyway, I’ve had her diagnosed as zinc deficient, and I’m 100% positive that’s what we see … Zinc deficiency can also occur in dogs that are not fed enough meat in their diet or are fed a mostly vegetarian diet. Zinc Deficiency. Feeding a species-appropriate raw food diet that is balanced and varied will help keep your dog’s digestive system functioning properly and allow them to digest and absorb adequate amounts of zinc. Additionally, diets that are high in corn, wheat, and/or soy (which is typical of many processed dog foods) can lead to malabsorption by making zinc unavailable to the body. However, a contributing factor in Zinc Deficiency is that Zinc is not considered to be highly absorbable by the body and studies show that only 15% to 40% of the ingested zinc in the mammalian diet is actually well absorbed. Generally the northern breed dogs, including Siberian Huskies and Alaskan Malamutes, may have a genetic inability to adequately absorb zinc. Lightly seared meats that are safe when eaten on the rarer side, such as beef, should be added to the diet often. Thanks in advance, My 22kg 11 yr old female samoyed has developed an open lesion in the inner corner of one eye. The water lines are copper in this house. Please email us with your dog’s weight if you have any queries about correct dosage. Male dogs lose the desire to breed and females won’t come into heat. Zinc deficiency seems to be more prevalent in Huskies and Malamutes; they seem to require a higher-than-average amount of zinc (compared to other breeds). Listen each week as the experts in pet health DeDe Murcer Moffett, CEO of Raw Dog Food and Company, Dr. Judy Jasek, DVM and Top Pet Nutritionist Nealy Piazza answer your questions about raw feeding, vaccinations, antibiotics, flea and tick and so much more. A diet high in plant material or calcium could therefore lead to zinc deficiency. If your dog experiences zinc poisoning, emergency medical intervention is necessary. Vet told me it was non-responsive so nothing I could do. All Rights Reserved, Product successfully added to your Shopping Cart, Sled Dog Cards, Calendars, Stickers and Magnets, Sled Dog Soft Toys, Cushions, Throws and Ornaments. A reader asked about vitamin A toxicity in raw fed dogs… Cod Liver Oil; If you’re trying to correct a vitamin D deficiency in your dog, cod liver oil an excellent temporary source of vitamin D — at about 450 IU per teaspoon (4.9 ml). Always, if you aren't sure, consult with an expert who is familiar with zinc deficiency in dogs. Raw feeders using nutrient guidelines face unique challenges. Zinc is the second most commonly used mineral in your dog’s body. Dogtime is a property of TotallyHer Media, LLC, an Evolve Media, LLC company. Often, veterinarians recommend the owner change food. However, it’s cheap, which makes it the zinc of choice for many dog food manufacturers when adding zinc to their dog food. Phytic acid bonds to zinc in the intestine and prevents the body from absorbing it properly. Subscribe to the Snowpawstore newsletter to receive timely updates from your favorite products. Since zinc deficiency is related to diet, providing the right diet goes a long way towards keeping your dog balanced and thriving. Zinc deficiency in dogs results from lower zinc intake or zinc malabsorption. The daily dose for a dog weighing 50lb is 1/13 of a teaspoon. The thyroid is responsible for producing hormones and regulating hormones that are responsible for metabolism and organ function. 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