He cried out with a loud and bitter cry. Esther 3:13 – the date in Haman’s law was the 13th day of Adar. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Esther Chapter 4 Bible Study: If I Perish I Perish. Chapter 4. God will keep those that are exposed to evil by the tenderness of their consciences. So Hathach went out to Mordecai in the city square that was in front of the king’s gate. 10 - 14. Esther 4:14 Day Two: Exploring the Text Esther Hears the News Read Esther 4:4–12 Well known British official Edmund Burke once said, “All that is required for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing.” Mordecai was a good man and did what he could; now it was Esther’s turn. (1-6) He obtains a decree against the Jews. b. All dangers are trifling compared with the danger of losing our souls. I. Yet who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this?”. Any man or woman who goes into the inner court to the king, who has not been called, he has but one law: put all to death: Esther explained the difficulty behind this – she was only allowed to come to the king when called, and if she came on her own, she could be executed for daring to approach the king without an invitation. So we know that this news upset them greatly. The religion of a Jew forbade him to give honours to any mortal man which savoured of … Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Esther 4:14. (1-5) Esther invites both king Ahasuerus and Haman to this banquet. i. Now it happened on the third day that Esther put on her royal robes and stood in the inner court of the king’s palace, across from the king’s house, while the king sat on his royal throne in the royal house, facing the entrance of the house. ... Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Esther said, “I myself have not been called to go in to the king these thirty days” – meaning she had not seen her husband for an entire month. Esther chapter 9 – the *Jews defended themselves. 1. Esther 5 – Esther’s Bold Request A. Mordecai's grief was hers, such a respect did she still retain for him and the Jews' danger was her distress for, though a queen, she forgot not her relation to them. Until chapter four, none of Esther’s words have been recorded. Mordecai wore *sackcloth and ashes too and he cried aloud. He tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, Esther’s maids and eunuchs came and told her, And the sum of money that Haman had promised to pay into the king’s treasuries to destroy the Jews, That he might show it to Esther and explain it to her, Any man or woman who goes into the inner court to the king, who has not been called, he has but one law: put all to death, I myself have not been called to go in to the king these thirty days, Do not think in your heart that you will escape, If you remain completely silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place, But you and your father’s house will perish. John Calvin is quietly studying when false doctrine is most rife, and he will be heard of at Geneva. Esther 4:9-11 Hathach went back and reported to Esther what Mordecai had said. Therefore thou art bound in gratitude to do this service for God and his church, else thou dost not answer the end of thy being raised up. When Christians are disposed to consult their own ease or safety, rather than the public good, they should be blamed. The Chosen Life: Studies in Esther Esther Ch. Go, gather all the Jews who are present in Shushan, and fast for me. And there’s no need to rush. 1, 2. We may request cookies to be set on your device. How did Esther initially hear of Mordecai’s distress? a) This chapter begins about five years after the time Esther became the queen as described in the previous chapter. © 2020 Christianity.com. Mordecai avowed his relation to the Jews. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . ESTHER 4. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Esther 4. 2 He went up to the entrance of the king's gate, for no one was allowed to enter the king's gate clothed in sackcloth. Mordecai Appeals to Esther. b. Haman no doubt did what he could to set the king against her. The king … Esther 8:12 – the date when the *Jews could defend themselves. As we begin our study of chapter 4, I want to ask you to make a commitment: commit yourself to accept the text just as it is. When Mordecai hears about this evil plot, he reacts the way any decent Biblical character would react: he puts on sackcloth and ashes and walks around the city, wailing, before finally winding up at the King's gate. (1-3) He and the rest of the Jews lament their fate. v. The Jews’ friends lay to heart the danger and lament it ( v. 1-4 ). Esther 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Esther in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Martin Luther is sitting by his father’s hearth in the forest when the Pope is selling his wicked indulgences: he will come out soon, and stop the crowing of the cock of the Romish Christ-denying Peter. So they told Mordecai Esther’s words. Esther 4 Commentary (1-2) 4:1 ¶ When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry; 2 And came even before the king’s gate: … Introduction . It is not thus in the court of the King of kings: to the footstool of his throne of grace we may always come boldly, and may be sure of an answer of peace to the prayer of faith. Then Esther's maidens and her eunuchs came and told her, and the queen writhed in great anguish. Do not think in your heart that you will escape: Mordecai reminded Esther that she could not remain insulated from this decree any more than anyone else. There is wise counsel and design in all the providences of God, which will prove that they are all intended for the good of the church. All that we have seen about this young woman—her beauty, her lovely demeanor, her desire to please, her respectful devotion to Mordecai—has been through 2:2). But when the cause of Christ and his people demand it, we must take up our cross, and follow him. And so I will go to the king, which is against the law; and if I perish, I perish! 1 - 3. Reply. 8. He went as far as the front of the king’s gate, for no one might enter the king’s gate clothed with sackcloth. And she sent garments to clothe Mordecai that he might remove his sackcloth from him, but he did not accept them (Esther 4:4). 2 Then the king’s young men who attended him said, “Let beautiful young virgins be sought out for the king. The Spirit grieved and now quenched . How did Esther initially hear of Mordecai’s distress? Commentary on Esther 4:5-17. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. c. But you and your father’s house will perish: Mordecai reminded Esther that though the fate of God’s people rested in God and not in her, her own fate depended on her own faithfulness to God. Previous Next . This chapter relates the mourning of Mordecai, and of the Jews in every province, on account of the edict to destroy them, Esther 4:1, the information Esther had of it, and what passed between her and Mordecai, through Hatach, a chamberlain, by whom he put her upon making a request to the king in their favour, Esther 4:4, to which she at first objected, because of a law in Persia … Esther the queen, upon a general intimation of the trouble Mordecai was in, was exceedingly grieved, Esther 4:4. 1 Now when Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the middle of the city and cried out with a loud and bitter cry. And so I will go to the king, which is against the law; and if I perish, I perish!” So Mordecai went his way and did according to all that Esther commanded him. Esther 4:4 "So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told [it] her. I don't think I have maligned this man's name for, as we saw in chapter 3 (and in the coming chapters) he does a very good job of that himself! Mordecai and the Jews Mourn. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. (1-4) Esther undertakes to plead for the Jews. Esther 4: 1 – 17 Secret Identity Exposed 1 When Mordecai learned all that had happened, he tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes and went out into the midst of the city. Then Esther told them to reply to Mordecai: “Go, gather all the Jews who are present in Shushan, and fast for me; neither eat nor drink for three days, night or day. He knows that God will not let His people down, even if individuals let God down. And Mordecai told them to answer Esther: “Do not think in your heart that you will escape in the king’s palace any more than all the other Jews.” Even the queen was not exempt from Haman’s plot. Chapter 4. Home / Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary / Esther / Chapter 4. For Such a Time as This (Esther 4:12-14) Esther 4:12-13. IV. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. Esther 4:12 And they told to Mordecai Esther's words. “She sent raiment”: Mordecai could then enter the king’s gate (4:2), and talk with Esther directly (Neh. The messengers she sent to him. I know this based on Verse 7, that says it is the "12th year of the king". In Chapter 2, Verse 16 the text said in effect Ester became queen in the seventh year of the king. The law was express, all knew it. INTRODUCTION TO ESTHER 4. You can also change some of your preferences. There was great mourning among the Jews: Mordecai’s reaction was imitated all over the Persian Empire in public expressions of grief and horror. Esther 4 – Esther’s Decision A. Mordecai’s mourning. Also important for listeners to grasp is that the Jews, God’s chosen people, are now in exile. Before she understood the decree, she could not understand why her cousin Mordecai made such a spectacle of himself. Esther 4 Commentary (1-2) 4:1 ¶ When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry; 2 And came even before the king’s gate: for none might … II. (1-4) Esther undertakes to plead for the Jews. My maids and I will fast likewise. “You have been wishing for another position where you could do something for Jesus: do not wish anything of the kind, but serve him where you are.” (Spurgeon), iii. d. Yet who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this? This principle applies to us also. And she sent garments to clothe Mordecai that he might remove his sackcloth from him, but he did not accept them. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary; Esther; Chapter 4; Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Esther 4:4. Esther 4 Esther Agrees to Help the Jews. Divine Providence had regard to this matter, in bringing Esther to be queen. Verses 1-3 The king’s law, that Haman had written, was very badnews for the *Jews. John Trapp Complete Commentary. A young man is here this morning – I do not know whereabouts he is, but I pray the Lord to make this to be an ordination sermon to him, starting him on his life-work. The first banquet. 1. i. 1. Mordecai suggests, that it was a cause which, one way or other, would certainly be carried, and which therefore she might safely venture in. Apparently, the life of a queen of Persia was not one of great intimacy with the king. Esther Chosen Queen. Esther objects the danger of addressing the king uncalled, Esther 4:10-12. Jerusalem was conquered, its people taken in chains into Babylonian … Continue reading "Commentary on Esther 4:1-17" Esther carried a bold attitude towards her mission. We are prone to shrink from services that are attended with peril or loss. And the sum of money that Haman had promised to pay into the king’s treasuries to destroy the Jews: Mordecai was well aware of the money motive that made king Ahasuerus receptive to this evil plan. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. When Mordecai learned all that had happened, he tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city. Bible Study Commentary in the Book of Esther. You can check these in your browser security settings. In the last study we were introduced to a rather unlovely character by the name of Haman. a. III. MORDECAI AND THE JEWS MOURN. 2. He that by sinful devices will save his life, and will not trust God with it in the way of duty, shall lose it in the way of sin. So Esther’s maids and eunuchs came and told her, and the queen was deeply distressed. by I Gordon. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Esther 4:5 . i. Jesus reminded us that special spiritual battles sometimes require special preparation with prayer and fasting. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Providence so ordered it, that, just then, the king's affections had cooled toward Esther; her faith and courage thereby were the more tried; and God's goodness in the favour she now found with the king, thereby shone the brighter. He also gave him a copy of the written decree for their destruction, which was given at Shushan, that he might show it to Esther and explain it to her, and that he might command her to go in to the king to make supplication to him and plead before him for her people. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. So Hathach returned and told Esther the words of Mordecai. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Click on the different category headings to find out more. v. Chapter Contents. And Mordecai told them to answer Esther: “Do not think in your heart that you will escape in the king’s palace any more than all the other Jews. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The Jews lament their danger. When Mordecai perceived all that was done—Relying on the irrevocable nature of a Persian monarch's decree (Da 6:15), Hamman made it known as soon as the royal sanction had been obtained; and Mordecai was, doubtless, among the … Then Esther summoned Hathach from the king's eunuchs, whom the king had appointed to attend her, and ordered him to go to Mordecai to learn what this was and why it … CHAPTER 4. b. 1. (4:4) 4 Then Esther’s maidens and her eunuchs came and told her, and the queen writhed in great anguish. Esther 4:13: Esther 4: Esther 4:15 "For if you remain silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place and you and your father's house will perish. Also important for listeners to grasp is that the Jews, God’s chosen people, are now in exile. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Let him venture, as she did, with earnest prayer and supplication, and he shall fare as well and better than she did. The messenger took the message to Mordecai and waited for his answer to take back to Esther. Esther - Chapter 4 « Previous Chapter 3. The author of the book is unknown and modern scholars have established that the final stage of the Hebrew text would have been formed by the second century BCE. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Sadly, many who read and study Esther (including Bible scholars who write commentaries on the book) “fill in the blanks,” rather than leaving them blank and learning from the silence of the author. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Yet who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this? You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. God promotes us or puts us in a place for a reason, and we need the courage and wisdom to see that reason and to walk in it. The lives of all the *Jewish people were in danger. They alsoput ashes on their heads. Mordecai knew that. 1 When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes o and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and he cried out with a loud and bitter cry. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Next » Chapter 5. b. The Expositers Bible Commentary, vol. The Jews lament their danger. Mordecai urges her to intercede with the king for a revocation of the edict, Esther 4:8,9. 2 And he went as far as the king’s gate, for no one was allowed to enter the king’s gate clothed with sackcloth. Knut AK on February 26, 2020 at 11:16 am . And in every province where the king’s command and decree arrived, there was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting, weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes. Reply. Nisan is the first month, Adar is the 12 month. (5-17). Then Esther called Hathach, one of the king’s eunuchs whom he had appointed to attend her, and she gave him a command concerning Mordecai, to learn what and why this was. ... Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Regarding a stubborn case of demonic possession, He said this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting (Matthew 17:20). Es 4:1-14. But when the cause of Christ and his people demand it, we must take up our cross, and follow him. Cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are in! Esther Ch s the toing and froing between Esther and Mordecai in the previous Chapter her cousin made. Personal data like your IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies when our. Might remove his sackcloth from him, but he did not accept them “ beautiful! 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